Lesson 3 – Personal Pronouns in Bahasa Indonesia

Personal pronouns or kata ganti orang atau benda are used as substitutes for proper nouns.

  • “saya and aku” for “I” are used differently. Saya is more formal and;  aku is less. 
  • you” has 3 meanings; (1) “kamu” for a less formal situation, (2) “Anda” in a more formal situation and letter A is always written in a capital letter, to show respect, and (3) “kalian” is the plural form of you.
  • we” also have 2 meanings; (1) “kita” is used if the person you are talking to is included, and (2) “kami” if the person you are talking to is excluded.
  • he” or “she” is always “dia”

*the formality depends on the occasion and whom you are talking with

Examples:

Saya Amanda. (I am Amanda.)
Aku senang. (I am happy.)
Kamu suka nasi goreng. (You like fried rice.)
Anda tinggal di Indonesia. (You live in Indonesia)
Kalian belajar bahasa Indonesia. (You study bahasa Indonesia.)
Kita cinta Indonesia. (We love Indonesia).
Kami makan nasi setiap hari. (We eat rice every day.)
Endang, Pur, dan Wanti pergi berlibur. Mereka pergi ke Bali kemarin. (Endang, Pur, and Wanti went traveling. They went to Bali yesterday.)
James suka kopi. Dia minum kopi di kafe. (James likes coffee. He drinks it in a cafe.)
Amanda suka roti. Dia makan roti di rumah. (Amanda likes bread. She eats it at home.)
It is good. (Ini/itu bagus.)

Notes: There are some other translations of the word “it”. Let’s discuss it in the next lesson.

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