Lesson 6 – Indonesian Grammar Concepts #1

After learning the basic vocabulary of Bahasa Indonesia, let’s delve into some fundamental grammar concepts of the language.

  1. Nouns

 In Bahasa Indonesia, there are no genders assigned to nouns. To indicate plural nouns, double the word. For example: buku-buku (books), orang-orang (people), kota-kota (cities), etc.

However, Bahasa Indonesia also have words such as laki-laki, kupu-kupu, laba-laba, kunang-kunang that are singular although the words are said two times.

  1. Noun Phrases

Unlike English noun phrases (adj + noun), in Bahasa Indonesia, we place the noun before the adjective(s). For example:

  • my house – rumah saya
  • my big house – rumah besar saya
  1. Verbs

Indonesian verbs do not undergo conjugation. To discern whether an action is in the past or future, observe the context and include a time adverb in the sentence.

For example:

  • Saya makan nasi goreng tadi pagi. (I ate fried rice this morning.)
  • Saya makan nasi goreng setiap pagi. (I eat fried rice every day.)
  • Saya (sedang) makan nasi goreng sekarang. (I am eating fried rice now.)
  • Saya (akan) makan nasi goreng besok pagi. (I will eat fried rice tomorrow morning.)

Verbs in Bahasa Indonesia also feature affixes. This aspect can be challenging when learning the language, as affixes can alter word classes and meanings.

We are currently developing this website, so it is far from perfect. Our goal is to assist you in learning Bahasa Indonesia in structured lessons, offering one lesson per day. If you have any questions or wish to have 1-on-1 lessons, ple

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